Covid Live Updates: New Year Festivities Scaled Back Worldwide as Cases Soar

The spread of Omicron will lead to a second straight year of subdued celebrations in many places. The C.D.C. loosened isolation protocols for Americans who test positive.

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Striking a pose with the 2022 sign in Times Square this month.Credit…John Taggart for The New York Times

As the Omicron variant drives infection rates to their highest levels of the pandemic in many parts of the world, major cities have scaled down or canceled New Year’s Eve events for a second consecutive year.

Only months ago, expanding Covid vaccinations and loosening travel rules had promised a return of raucous New Year gatherings amid hopes that the pandemic might finally be waning. But the emergence of Omicron — the highly transmissible variant that is now dominant in the United States and fueling record surges in many nations — has prompted governments to reinstate travel restrictions, mask mandates and bans on large gatherings.

Even as early studies suggest that Omicron produces less severe illness, experts warn that the staggering caseload could still overwhelm health systems. A number of Dec. 31 events have been canceled in countries where caseloads are rising swiftly, including in Italy, where the 14-day average of new cases is up 128 percent, and in France, where cases are up by 48 percent, according to the Our World in Data Project at the University of Oxford.

In the United States, where daily cases have doubled over the past two weeks, some events have been canceled, but the annual celebration in Times Square in New York will go on, with attendance capped at 15,000.

Dr. Anthony S. Fauci, the nation’s top infectious-disease expert, recommended on Monday that people “stay away” from large New Year’s Eve parties, especially when it is not clear who has been vaccinated. Speaking on CNN, Dr. Fauci said, “There will be other years to do that, but not this year.”

As another 12 months living with the pandemic draws to a close, here’s a look at how Omicron has forced some cities to change their plans for Dec. 31:

New York City

Last week, Mayor Bill de Blasio announced a downsizing of the celebration in Times Square to at most 15,000 guests, nearly a quarter of the usual amount, who will be allowed in at 3 p.m. at the earliest. Attendees will be required to wear masks and show proof of full vaccination. Fox canceled its “New Year’s Eve Toast & Roast 2022” live broadcast from Times Square. The network said in a statement that “the recent velocity of the spread of Omicron cases has made it impossible to produce a live special in Times Square that meets our standards.”

Los Angeles

Several Los Angeles County holiday events have been canceled, including the New Year’s countdown in Grand Park, which will now be streamed.

Seattle

For the second year in a row, there will be no crowds allowed at the Space Needle’s fireworks show. People can watch on a livestream instead.

London

Sadiq Khan, the mayor of London, announced last week that the New Year’s Eve event in Trafalgar Square was canceled, saying: “The safety of Londoners must come first.”

In London last week.Credit…Andrew Testa for The New York Times

Paris

According to the broadcaster France24, Paris has canceled its celebration, which was to include fireworks over the Champs-Élysées. Prime Minister Jean Castex also announced that large public parties would be banned on New Year’s Eve.

Rome

Celebrations have been scrapped in several Italian cities, including Rome and Venice. Outdoor events have been banned and nightclubs will be closed for the month of January.

Berlin

Berlin’s annual New Year’s Eve party at the Brandenburg Gate will go on, but without any audience members. The performances will be live on television. Chancellor Olaf Scholz has also announced that gatherings will be limited to a maximum of 10 people starting Dec. 28.

Tokyo

Shibuya Crossing in Tokyo typically attracts tens of thousands of people for one of the biggest New Year celebrations in the world. This year, like last year, the revelry has been called off. Public drinking has been banned in Shibuya on Dec. 31 and Jan. 1.

New Delhi

The Delhi Disaster Management Authority has banned all social, political and cultural gatherings, including Christmas and New Year celebrations, according to The Economic Times newspaper. Restaurants and bars are allowed to operate only at half capacity.

Cape Town

Cape Town is still allowing New Year’s Eve gatherings, but several restrictions are in place. There is a curfew from 12 a.m. to 4 a.m., masks are required in public areas and nightclubs are closed.

Casablanca, Morocco

The authorities banned New Year’s Eve celebrations throughout the country, including in Casablanca, the most populous city. Restaurants will close 30 minutes before midnight, and there will be a curfew from midnight to 6 a.m.

Kampala, Uganda

The national police force on Monday announced a ban on New Year’s Eve fireworks across the country, including in Kampala, the capital. Nighttime religious services will also be prohibited.

A line for Covid testing at a site in East New York last week.Credit…Anna Watts for The New York Times

As daily coronavirus cases in the United States soared to near record levels, federal health officials on Monday shortened by half the recommended isolation period for many infected Americans, hoping to minimize rising disruptions to the economy and everyday life.

Virus-related staff shortages have upended holiday travel, leading to the cancellation of thousands of flights, and now threaten industries as diverse as health care, restaurants and retail. Yet health experts warn that the country is only in the early stages of a fast-moving surge.

“The Omicron variant is spreading quickly and has the potential to impact all facets of our society,” Dr. Rochelle Walensky, director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, said.

The agency had previously recommended that infected patients isolate for 10 days from when they were tested for the virus. But on Monday, it cut that period to five days for those without symptoms, or those without fevers whose other symptoms were resolving.

Americans leaving isolation should wear masks around others for an additional five days after their isolation periods have ended, the officials said.

The new recommendations “balance what we know about the spread of the virus and the protection provided by vaccination and booster doses,” Dr. Walensky said. “These updates ensure people can safely continue their daily lives.”

Still, the C.D.C. did not recommend that Americans take rapid tests before ending isolation periods, a step that scientists said would offer considerably more reassurance that people were not continuing to spread the virus.

Health officials also said that uninfected Americans who had received booster shots did not need to quarantine after exposure to the virus. Last week, the C.D.C. reduced, in some circumstances, the number of days it recommended that health care workers who test positive must isolate.

The updated guidance comes amid a rising tide of infections that threatens to swamp the U.S. health care system, particularly given that tens of millions remain unvaccinated. New York, Delaware, Hawaii, Massachusetts, New Jersey and Puerto Rico have reported more coronavirus cases in the past week than in any other seven-day period.

On Monday, the seven-day national average of new daily cases climbed past 243,000, a 105 percent jump over the previous 14 days. But deaths fell by 5 percent during that time, to a seven-day average of 1,205, according to New York Times data.

Hospitalizations are up, although not as much as cases. More than 71,000 Americans are hospitalized with Covid, 6 percent higher than two weeks ago but still well below previous peaks.

Police officers responding to a demonstration in Dresden, Germany, on Monday.Credit…Matthias Rietschel/Reuters

Demonstrations against Covid rules across Germany on Monday, featuring thousands of marchers, underscored the growing frustration as states prepare to introduce tighter regulations and lawmakers look to introduce mandatory vaccinations.

Rallies on Mondays have had special resonance in Germany since weekly demonstration walks on that day helped bring down the Berlin Wall in 1989.

In Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, a northeastern state, about 15,000 marchers took part in protests in several cities, according to police estimates. On Monday, the state closed nightclubs, banned private meetings of more than 10 people and placed further restrictions on movie theaters and on cultural and sporting events. Other states imposed similar restrictions on Tuesday as part of an agreement with the federal government to counter an expected rise in infections from the Omicron variant.

Those measures will add to rules targeting particularly the unvaccinated that were introduced as case numbers in Germany rose in the fall.

In Bautzen, a town in the eastern state of Saxony, protesters attacked the police with bottles and fireworks when officers tried to stop a demonstration on Monday, the force said on Twitter.

While most of the rallies occurred in eastern Germany, some sizable demonstrations took place in cities in the west as well. In Saarbrücken and Fulda, in the central state of Hesse, about 1,000 marched. In Wolfsburg, in the northern state of Lower Saxony, 800 turned out.

As Germany braces for Omicron, lawmakers plan to discuss a general vaccine mandate in the opening parliamentary session of 2022. A vaccine requirement for medical workers and care facility employees passed this month and will go into effect in mid-March.

After a renewed emphasis on the national vaccine drive, which included a task force led by an army general, 71 percent of the German population is fully vaccinated and around 44 percent of adults have received a booster shot. But vaccination rates in some states in the east of the country are significantly lower. In Saxony, only 63 percent of the population is fully vaccinated.

The country’s constitutional court also ruled on Tuesday that legislation should be introduced to protect disabled people when hospital resources are stretched. The decision was in response to a suit brought by disability activists more than a year ago and aims to guard against discrimination in triage decisions should hospitals become overwhelmed.

At the moment, hospital admission rates are actually declining in Germany, but during a wave of infections in November, medical centers in some hot spots were forced to transfer patients to other regions to relieve pressure on I.C.U. staff.

Shanghai’s Pudong International Airport has instituted a new cleaning policy, that Delta management said is not “operationally viable” for the airline.Credit…Alex Plavevski/EPA, via Shutterstock

A Delta Air Lines flight that was en route from Seattle to Shanghai turned back in midair last week because the Chinese airport had imposed new cleaning rules that would have caused delays, the airline said in a statement on Tuesday.

“The new cleaning procedures require significantly extended ground time and are not operationally viable for Delta,” the airline said.

Details of the new cleaning regulations in place at Shanghai Pudong International Airport were not immediately clear, but China has rolled out increasingly strict Covid-19 travel rules amid a growing outbreak in the northern city of Xian and before the Winter Olympics in Beijing in February.

The scrapped flight left passengers with out-of-date Covid-19 test results and expired U.S. visas, according to Chinese news reports. The Chinese Consulate in San Francisco, which did not name Delta, said in a statement that it “had made a stern representation to the airline.”

The new sanitation protocols also led EVA Air of Taiwan to suspend passenger services to Shanghai Pudong from the cities of Taipei and Kaohsiung until Feb. 3, Taiwan’s semiofficial Central News Agency reported. Another Taiwan-based carrier, China Airlines, is suspending flights from one city to Shanghai until the end of January and reducing flights on another route, according to news reports.

The Chinese Embassy in the United States said in a statement that reports that the Delta plane had been turned around because of a ban on incoming flights were incorrect. Many domestic and international flights in the United States had been canceled because of staff shortages, the embassy noted, adding that it was “communicating with relevant airlines to actively understand the specific technical issues and discuss solutions to avoid similar incidents from happening again.”

The outbreak in Xian remains small by global standards. On Tuesday, Global Times, a Communist Party tabloid in China, said that the city of 13 million people, where the local authorities last week imposed a lockdown, had reported 175 cases in one day, its highest daily count since the outbreak began this month.

In total, 810 cases have been recorded in Xian.

Disinfecting the room of a Covid-19 patient who died in the pediatric intensive care unit of Children’s Hospital of San Antonio, in August.Credit…Meridith Kohut for The New York Times

Covid-19 deaths have declined since vaccines became widely available in April, yet nearly a quarter million people in the United States have passed away from the virus in the last eight months.

For many younger Americans and white Americans, in fact, Covid is now responsible for a higher share of deaths from all causes than it was earlier in the pandemic.

How the Omicron variant will affect these trends remains to be seen. Scientists are still hopeful that vaccines — and especially boosters — will stave off Omicron’s worst effects.

Covid has been particularly deadly for older people, but the group was among the first to be eligible for vaccines. Now, people 65 and older have the highest vaccination rate, with nearly 90 percent of them fully vaccinated, and the share of deaths attributed to the virus in that age group has declined.

Here, in charts, is a look at how vaccines have shifted the proportion of deaths to different populations in the United States:

Global Roundup

Waiting in line to take P.C.R. tests in Sydney, Australia, on Tuesday.Credit…Brendon Thorne/EPA, via Shutterstock

A 19-year-old man who kept partying at a nightclub in South Australia despite being notified that he had tested positive for the coronavirus was charged with failing to comply with public health orders, the police said on Tuesday.

The health authorities told the man on Dec. 17 that he had tested positive, but he “remained at a city nightclub and did not quarantine,” the police said in a statement.

The man, who was not identified, stayed at the nightclub in Adelaide until the morning hours, according to local news reports. More than 100 patrons and staff members of the nightclub were forced into isolation because they were considered to have been in close contact with him.

He faces a maximum penalty of two years in jail or a fine of up to 20,000 Australian dollars, about $14,500. He was released on bail and is expected to appear in court in February.

In other news around the world:

India granted emergency-use authorization for Merck’s Covid-19 pill, molnupiravir, and two domestically produced vaccines, Covovax and Corbevax, the country’s health minister, Dr. Mansukh Mandaviya, said on Twitter.

Bangladesh on Tuesday started administering booster doses of Covid-19 vaccines to health workers and residents age 60 and older, joining the growing ranks of countries racing to administer extra doses as coronavirus cases rise. Robed Amin, a Health Ministry spokesman, said that the Pfizer-BioNTech and AstraZeneca vaccines would be used for the booster campaign. More than 35 percent of Bangladesh’s adult population of 138 million has been fully inoculated so far, according to government data.

Hong Kong said that it would require all school employees who have not been vaccinated to undergo testing via nasal swabs, at their own expense, every three days starting on Jan. 10. The government has said that the same rule will apply to government employees starting on Jan. 3.

The Brooklyn Nets beat the Los Angeles Lakers over Christmas despite having seven players out.Credit…Ashley Landis/Associated Press

The N.B.A. has altered its coronavirus protocols to allow players and coaches who have tested positive but are asymptomatic to return to their teams sooner as a surge in cases has depleted several teams of their best players.

The new rules will also permit those with low viral loads to follow this new protocol, even if they still test positive, according to a memo obtained by The New York Times.

Players and coaches who have positive or inconclusive tests will be able to return after six days in isolation instead of 10 if they are asymptomatic by then and meet the requirements on tests for infectiousness.

The N.B.A. and its players’ union agreed on the new rules.

To leave isolation on the shorter timeline, players and coaches must test with a low enough viral load on the fifth and sixth days after their initial positive tests.

Players and coaches can also emerge from isolation through one of the two previous methods — by isolating for 10 days and not having symptoms, or by returning two negative tests 24 hours apart.

The N.B.A.’s announcement coincided with the recommendation from the C.D.C. on Monday that isolation times be reduced to five days from 10 for people without symptoms.

More than 100 players entered the league’s health and safety protocols — triggered by a positive or inconclusive coronavirus test, or potential exposure — in December alone, with the Omicron variant sweeping through the league. The league increased testing for several days after Thanksgiving, leading to a rise in cases, and will now begin another period of increased testing following Christmas Day.

Several teams have competed without multiple key players because of the coronavirus protocols. The Nets beat the Los Angeles Lakers on Christmas despite having seven players out because of the protocols, including Kevin Durant and Kyrie Irving. The Milwaukee Bucks star Giannis Antetokounmpo missed five games while in the protocols, but cleared just in time for his team’s Christmas game.

The Atlantic Coast Conference — one of college sports’ Power 5 leagues — also announced Monday it had added two options to shorten isolation for vaccinated people.

Even though James Hutton in San Francisco submitted his grant application just one minute after the Restaurant Revitalization Fund opened, his application was eventually denied.Credit…Peter Prato for The New York Times

When Congress created a grant program early this year to help battered bars and restaurants survive the pandemic, one thing was immediately clear: The money would not be enough. The Restaurant Revitalization Fund contained $28.6 billion, far below the $100 billion that industry groups estimated was needed.

That made the rules about priority treatment — which were upended midstream by lawsuits from white male business owners who called them unfair — a crucial factor in determining who received relief.

But Small Business Administration records obtained by The New York Times reveal a capricious methodology for determining winners and losers. In the most extreme cases, applicants whom lawmakers intended to favor — women and business owners from certain racial and cultural groups — ended up effectively locked out. Even those unaffected by the litigation found themselves in a race for cash in which later applicants sometimes beat out those who had applied much earlier.

“So many of the people who needed this the most were left out,” said Matt Buskard, the owner of Bobcat Bonnie’s, a small chain in and around Detroit. Three of his locations had six-figure grants approved and then canceled a month later, after lawsuits threw the program into turmoil.

Workers at a recreational-vehicle company last year in LaGrange, Ind., where many residents are Amish.Credit…Brendan Smialowski/Agence France-Presse, via Getty Images

In the United States, over 204 million people are fully vaccinated, but that’s still only 62 percent of the population, much lower than in most other wealthy countries.

At the county level, vaccination rates range from about 83 percent in places like Montgomery County, Md., a populous area just outside Washington, D.C., to around 15 percent in rural places like McPherson County in northern South Dakota.

As the Omicron variant surges, and experts say that vaccinations strongly protect against severe illness, U.S. public health officials are closely examining ways to reach the least-vaccinated areas. But the roadblocks are not the same everywhere. Some clearly have to do with politics: Republican-leaning areas have generally been vaccine laggards. But pockets of the country can have their own quirks unrelated to partisanship.

Here is a look at the challenges faced by three counties where, according to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention data, vaccination rates are among the lowest in the nation. (State figures for those counties may vary from the C.D.C. data because of differences in methodology, reporting lags and other factors.)

LaGrange County, Ind.

Resistance to vaccines is not new in LaGrange County, a rural area along Indiana’s border with Michigan. Just 22 percent of residents are fully vaccinated against the coronavirus, and, according to Dr. Tony Pechin, the county health officer, only 15 percent of children in the county are up-to-date on standard vaccines by the age of 2.

Dr. Pechin said that he had encountered the usual conspiracy theories about vaccines, and that even some longtime patients would not heed his advice to get the shots.

But the most important factor, he said, is that about half the county’s 40,000 residents are Amish, a group that overwhelmingly rejects the vaccines. Among non-Amish residents, he said, the vaccination rate is 45 to 48 percent.

Dr. Pechin said that a pharmacy frequented by Amish residents was among the first in LaGrange County to receive doses but had vaccinated just eight people in six months.

The state health commissioner sent a delegation to meet with Amish leaders in the spring, and the C.D.C. sent another over the summer.

“When they were done,” Dr. Pechin said of the envoys, “they called me and just said, ‘Good luck, Tony.’”

Cameron Parish, La.

When Hurricane Laura made landfall near Cameron Parish in August 2020, many residents left damaged homes behind and took refuge inland — and have yet to return.

According to the C.D.C., the vaccination rate is just 17 percent. But Louisiana health officials say that those figures do not take account of the population shift.

“Although the numbers look awful, they’re not as bad as they appear, because of an outflux of people due to the natural disasters,” said Dr. Lacey Cavanaugh, a regional health officer for the Louisiana Department of Health.

Sifting through debris of a home damaged by Hurricane Laura in Cameron Parish, La., in August 2020.Credit…Bryan Tarnowski/Bloomberg, via Getty Images

But if the statistics were calculated to reflect the current populations of Cameron Parish and others ravaged by recent storms, she said, they would probably still show vaccination rates below national averages. Laura destroyed much of the parish’s limited health infrastructure, so for months, health officials administered vaccines in a tent in a hospital parking lot. And for residents consumed by the work of repairing homes and businesses, getting vaccinated fell low on the priority list.

State health officials have worked to bring vaccines directly to disaster recovery events, and advised residents that getting sick with Covid-19 could make the road back even harder.

“Once you’re protected” from the virus, Dr. Cavanaugh said, “that’s one less thing for you to worry about.”

Winston County, Ala.

A rural county with a history of going its own way — it refused to join Alabama in seceding from the Union during the Civil War —  faces many of the challenges that have hampered the state’s vaccine uptake.

Vaccine misinformation is still spreading on social media, said Dr. Karen Landers, a regional officer with the state’s Public Health Department, despite months of efforts with local leaders, faith-based organizations and pharmacies. The county’s vaccination rate has stalled at around 21 percent, according to the C.D.C.

A meeting of the local Republican Party in October 2020 in Double Springs, Ala. The state hasn’t had a mask mandate since April.Credit…Chandan Khanna/Agence France-Presse, via Getty Images

Persuading young people that they are vulnerable to the disease and need a vaccine can be a particularly acute problem, she said. But Dr. Landerssaid she remained determined: “We know that not everyone will listen to us, but that does not alleviate our responsibility.”

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